mysql【监控指标采集mysqld-exporter】


说明

prometheus监控插件mysqld_exporter可以采集mysql指标并告警展示.

步骤

本文使用docker部署的方式

  1. 创建用户并授权
    ```sql
    CREATE USER ‘exporter’@’%’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘exporter#2020’;
    GRANT PROCESS, REPLICATION CLIENT ON . TO ‘exporter’@’%’;
    GRANT SELECT ON performance_schema.* TO ‘exporter’@’%’;

– GRANT ALL ON . TO ‘exporter’@’%’;


2. 运行`mysqld_exporter`
```bash
docker run -d \
  --name mysql_exporter \
  --restart always \
  -p 9104:9104 \
  -e DATA_SOURCE_NAME="exporter:123456@(192.168.41.141:3306)/" \
  prom/mysqld-exporter
  1. 查看指标

如果没有问题,可以将指标采集到prometheus

  1. 修改prometheus配置文件,scrape_configs下面添加
    ssh no
    如果需要,部署prometheus
# prometheus.yml
global:
  scrape_interval:     15s
  evaluation_interval: 15s

alerting:
  alertmanagers:
  - static_configs:
    - targets:
      # - alertmanager:9093
rule_files:
  # - "rules.yml"
  # - "second_rules.yml"
scrape_configs:
  - job_name: 'prometheus'
    static_configs:
    - targets: ['192.168.41.128:9090']
  - job_name: 'mysql'
    static_configs:
      - targets: ['192.168.41.141:9104']
# 启动
docker run --name=prometheus -d -p 9090:9090  -v /root/prometheus/config/prometheus.yml:/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml hub.deri.org.cn/k8s_monitor/prometheus:latest
# vim /usr/local/prometheus/prometheus.yml
scrape_configs:
  - job_name: 'mysql'
    static_configs:
      - targets: ['192.168.41.141:9104']

注意:如果是采用prometheus-operator方式安装prometheus,新增target示例:
新增mysql-exporter-endpoints.yaml,引入外部服务

apiVersion: v1
kind: Endpoints
metadata:
  name: mysql-exporter
  namespace: monitoring
subsets:
- addresses:
  - ip: 192.168.1.47
    targetRef:
      name: huawei-mysql
      namespace: default
    ports:
      - name: metrics
        port: 9104
        protocol: TCP

新增mysql-exporter-service.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  annotations:
    prometheus.io/scrape: "true"
  labels:
    app: prometheus-mysql-exporter
    chart: prometheus-mysql-exporter
    heritage: Tiller
    jobLabel: mysql-exporter
    release: prometheus-operator
  # name与endpoints name保持一致
  name: mysql-exporter
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  ports:
  - name: metrics
    port: 9104
    targetPort: 9104
    protocol: TCP
  type: ClusterIP

新增mysql-exporter-ServiceMonitor.yaml

apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  # 注意标签 当前版本prometheus-operator是通过release: prometheus-operator标签来发现ServiceMonitor的
  labels:
    app: prometheus-operator-mysql-exporter
    chart: prometheus-operator-8.2.4
    heritage: Tiller
    release: prometheus-operator
  name: prometheus-operator-mysql-exporter
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  endpoints:
  - port: metrics
  jobLabel: jobLabel
  selector:
    # 通过标签发现service
    matchLabels:
      app: prometheus-mysql-exporter
      release: prometheus-operator
kubectl apply -f .
# 新增上面三个服务之后,prometheus页面就可以发现新增的mysql-exporter.
# prometheus数据库中也能查询到mysql指标数据
  1. 设置报警规则
groups:
- name: GaleraAlerts
  rules:
  - alert: MySQLGaleraNotReady
    expr: mysql_global_status_wsrep_ready != 1
    for: 5m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: '{{$labels.job}} on {{$labels.instance}} is not ready.'
      summary: Galera cluster node not ready
  - alert: MySQLGaleraOutOfSync
    expr: (mysql_global_status_wsrep_local_state != 4 and mysql_global_variables_wsrep_desync
      == 0)
    for: 5m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: '{{$labels.job}} on {{$labels.instance}} is not in sync ({{$value}}
        != 4).'
      summary: Galera cluster node out of sync
  - alert: MySQLGaleraDonorFallingBehind
    expr: (mysql_global_status_wsrep_local_state == 2 and mysql_global_status_wsrep_local_recv_queue
      > 100)
    for: 5m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: '{{$labels.job}} on {{$labels.instance}} is a donor (hotbackup)
        and is falling behind (queue size {{$value}}).'
      summary: xtradb cluster donor node falling behind
  - alert: MySQLReplicationNotRunning
    expr: mysql_slave_status_slave_io_running == 0 or mysql_slave_status_slave_sql_running
      == 0
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      description: Slave replication (IO or SQL) has been down for more than 2 minutes.
      summary: Slave replication is not running
  - alert: MySQLReplicationLag
    expr: (mysql_slave_lag_seconds > 30) and on(instance) (predict_linear(mysql_slave_lag_seconds[5m],
      60 * 2) > 0)
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      description: The mysql slave replication has fallen behind and is not recovering
      summary: MySQL slave replication is lagging
  - alert: MySQLReplicationLag
    expr: (mysql_heartbeat_lag_seconds > 30) and on(instance) (predict_linear(mysql_heartbeat_lag_seconds[5m],
      60 * 2) > 0)
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      description: The mysql slave replication has fallen behind and is not recovering
      summary: MySQL slave replication is lagging
  - alert: MySQLInnoDBLogWaits
    expr: rate(mysql_global_status_innodb_log_waits[15m]) > 10
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: The innodb logs are waiting for disk at a rate of {{$value}} /
        second
      summary: MySQL innodb log writes stalling
# 告警规则示例
groups:
- name: MySQLStatsAlert
  rules:
  - alert: MySQL is down
    expr: mysql_up == 0
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} MySQL is down"
      description: "MySQL database is down. This requires immediate action!"
  - alert: open files high
    expr: mysql_global_status_innodb_num_open_files > (mysql_global_variables_open_files_limit) * 0.75
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} open files high"
      description: "Open files is high. Please consider increasing open_files_limit."
  - alert: Read buffer size is bigger than max. allowed packet size
    expr: mysql_global_variables_read_buffer_size > mysql_global_variables_slave_max_allowed_packet 
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Read buffer size is bigger than max. allowed packet size"
      description: "Read buffer size (read_buffer_size) is bigger than max. allowed packet size (max_allowed_packet).This can break your replication."
  - alert: Sort buffer possibly missconfigured
    expr: mysql_global_variables_innodb_sort_buffer_size <256*1024 or mysql_global_variables_read_buffer_size > 4*1024*1024 
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Sort buffer possibly missconfigured"
      description: "Sort buffer size is either too big or too small. A good value for sort_buffer_size is between 256k and 4M."
  - alert: Thread stack size is too small
    expr: mysql_global_variables_thread_stack <196608
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Thread stack size is too small"
      description: "Thread stack size is too small. This can cause problems when you use Stored Language constructs for example. A typical is 256k for thread_stack_size."
  - alert: Used more than 80% of max connections limited 
    expr: mysql_global_status_max_used_connections > mysql_global_variables_max_connections * 0.8
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Used more than 80% of max connections limited"
      description: "Used more than 80% of max connections limited"
  - alert: InnoDB Force Recovery is enabled
    expr: mysql_global_variables_innodb_force_recovery != 0 
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} InnoDB Force Recovery is enabled"
      description: "InnoDB Force Recovery is enabled. This mode should be used for data recovery purposes only. It prohibits writing to the data."
  - alert: InnoDB Log File size is too small
    expr: mysql_global_variables_innodb_log_file_size < 16777216 
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} InnoDB Log File size is too small"
      description: "The InnoDB Log File size is possibly too small. Choosing a small InnoDB Log File size can have significant performance impacts."
  - alert: InnoDB Flush Log at Transaction Commit
    expr: mysql_global_variables_innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit != 1
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} InnoDB Flush Log at Transaction Commit"
      description: "InnoDB Flush Log at Transaction Commit is set to a values != 1. This can lead to a loss of commited transactions in case of a power failure."
  - alert: Table definition cache too small
    expr: mysql_global_status_open_table_definitions > mysql_global_variables_table_definition_cache
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: page
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Table definition cache too small"
      description: "Your Table Definition Cache is possibly too small. If it is much too small this can have significant performance impacts!"
  - alert: Table open cache too small
    expr: mysql_global_status_open_tables >mysql_global_variables_table_open_cache * 99/100
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: page
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Table open cache too small"
      description: "Your Table Open Cache is possibly too small (old name Table Cache). If it is much too small this can have significant performance impacts!"
  - alert: Thread stack size is possibly too small
    expr: mysql_global_variables_thread_stack < 262144
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: page
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Thread stack size is possibly too small"
      description: "Thread stack size is possibly too small. This can cause problems when you use Stored Language constructs for example. A typical is 256k for thread_stack_size."
  - alert: InnoDB Buffer Pool Instances is too small
    expr: mysql_global_variables_innodb_buffer_pool_instances == 1
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: page
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} InnoDB Buffer Pool Instances is too small"
      description: "If you are using MySQL 5.5 and higher you should use several InnoDB Buffer Pool Instances for performance reasons. Some rules are: InnoDB Buffer Pool Instance should be at least 1 Gbyte in size. InnoDB Buffer Pool Instances you can set equal to the number of cores of your machine."
  - alert: InnoDB Plugin is enabled
    expr: mysql_global_variables_ignore_builtin_innodb == 1
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: page
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} InnoDB Plugin is enabled"
      description: "InnoDB Plugin is enabled"
  - alert: Binary Log is disabled
    expr: mysql_global_variables_log_bin != 1
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Binary Log is disabled"
      description: "Binary Log is disabled. This prohibits you to do Point in Time Recovery (PiTR)."
  - alert: Binlog Cache size too small
    expr: mysql_global_variables_binlog_cache_size < 1048576
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: page
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Binlog Cache size too small"
      description: "Binlog Cache size is possibly to small. A value of 1 Mbyte or higher is OK."
  - alert: Binlog Statement Cache size too small
    expr: mysql_global_variables_binlog_stmt_cache_size <1048576 and mysql_global_variables_binlog_stmt_cache_size > 0
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: page
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Binlog Statement Cache size too small"
      description: "Binlog Statement Cache size is possibly to small. A value of 1 Mbyte or higher is typically OK."
  - alert: Binlog Transaction Cache size too small
    expr: mysql_global_variables_binlog_cache_size  <1048576
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: page
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Binlog Transaction Cache size too small"
      description: "Binlog Transaction Cache size is possibly to small. A value of 1 Mbyte or higher is typically OK."
  - alert: Sync Binlog is enabled
    expr: mysql_global_variables_sync_binlog == 1
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: page
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Sync Binlog is enabled"
      description: "Sync Binlog is enabled. This leads to higher data security but on the cost of write performance."
  - alert: IO thread stopped
    expr: mysql_slave_status_slave_io_running != 1
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} IO thread stopped"
      description: "IO thread has stopped. This is usually because it cannot connect to the Master any more."
  - alert: SQL thread stopped 
    expr: mysql_slave_status_slave_sql_running == 0
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} SQL thread stopped"
      description: "SQL thread has stopped. This is usually because it cannot apply a SQL statement received from the master."
  - alert: SQL thread stopped
    expr: mysql_slave_status_slave_sql_running != 1
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Sync Binlog is enabled"
      description: "SQL thread has stopped. This is usually because it cannot apply a SQL statement received from the master."
  - alert: Slave lagging behind Master
    expr: rate(mysql_slave_status_seconds_behind_master[1m]) >30 
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning 
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Slave lagging behind Master"
      description: "Slave is lagging behind Master. Please check if Slave threads are running and if there are some performance issues!"
  - alert: Slave is NOT read only(Please ignore this warning indicator.)
    expr: mysql_global_variables_read_only != 0
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: page
    annotations:
      summary: "Instance {{ $labels.instance }} Slave is NOT read only"
      description: "Slave is NOT set to read only. You can accidentally manipulate data on the slave and get inconsistencies..."
  1. 监控展示

如果需要,部署grafana

docker run -d -p 3000:3000 --name grafana hub.deri.org.cn/k8s_monitor/grafana:6.4.2

Grafana dashboard一些可用的ID,可直接通过ID导入dashboard.

  • 6239
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  • 10654
  • 11323

参考链接


文章作者: wuzhiyong
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